Diabetes

Sunny View Medical Center

Family Medicine Practice located in Phoenix, AZ

As a comprehensive family practice, Sunny View Medical Center in Phoenix, Arizona is able to screen for, diagnose, and medically manage diabetes and other chronic illnesses. People with diabetes face unique challenges that require a strong medical support team. Once diagnosed, the staff at Sunny View Medical Center focus on lifestyle changes and medical interventions designed to keep diabetes in check.

Diabetes Q & A

Sunny View Medical Center

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is an umbrella term for diseases that affect how the body utilizes glucose, or sugar, for energy. There are three types of diabetes:

  • Type 1: That tends to start at a young age
  • Type 2: That sets in later in life frequently due to lifestyle
  • Gestational: A form that only happens during pregnancy

No matter what type you have, your body usually has too much glucose in your blood stream. That excess glucose can create serious complications if your diabetes goes untreated.

What causes diabetes?

Diabetes is a complex disease but it starts with insulin usage. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas and it acts like a key to a lock that allows glucose to enter cells. Low levels of insulin mean the cell walls remain locked and glucose blood levels are high. Too much insulin allows excess glucose into the cells and your blood sugar levels drop too low.

When you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas cannot produce enough insulin because there is damage to the cells that generate it. With type 2 diabetes, the cells become resistant to the insulin, almost like someone has changed the locks. A woman with gestational diabetes is also resistant to the insulin but this is a response to the hormones her body produces during pregnancy.

No matter what the cause, the end result is the same. Your cells fail to get the glucose they need and your blood sugar levels rise.

How is diabetes diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis is done by checking your level of blood sugar with the A1C test. This indicates what your average blood sugar level has been over the last few months. An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests means you have diabetes. The A1C test can also show when you are in a prediabetic stage, meaning you may develop the disease soon without some lifestyle changes.

Sunny View Medical Center works to maximize care for prediabetic and diabetic patients. This means helping you to monitor your blood sugar levels and develop lifestyle changes to manage the disease. Diabetics must follow a strict diet that helps control their blood sugar levels and get regular exercise. The treatment plan may also include treatment with insulin or another medication to modulate blood sugar.

Some of our Accepted Insurances

Sunny View Medical Center accepts the following insurances. Please contact your specific plan to confirm that we are contracted with your specific network.

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Aetna
AIG
AIM
Assurant Health
Blue Cross Blue Shield
Cigna
EBMS
GEHA
HealthNet
Medicare
UMR
UnitedHealthcare